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Image by Priscilla Du Preez

Woodwind Instruments

  • Flutes: 

Piccolo, Western concert flute, Fife, Alto flute, Bass flute, Contra-alto flute, Contrabass flute, Double contrabass flute, Bansuri (India), Irish flute, Koudi (China), Dizi (China), Native American flute, Daegeum (Korea), Nohkan (Japan), Ryūteki (Japan), Shinobue (Japan), Švilpa (Lithuania),Venu (India), Kaval (Anatolian-Turkic, Bulgaria, Macedonia), Fyell (Albanian polla), Ney (Anatolian-Turkic), Danso (Korea), Hocchiku (Japan), Hun (Korea), Palendag (Philippines), Panflute (Greece), Suling (Indonesia/Philippines), Tumpong (Philippines), Xiao (China), Xun (China), Khlui (Thailand), Matófono (Argentina/Uruguay), Quena (South America), Shakuhachi (Japan), Caval (Romania), Diple (or Dvojnice, a double recorder) (Serbia), Flageolet (France), Fluier (Romania), Frula (Serbia, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Croatia), Furulya (Hungary), Gemshorn (Germany), Ocarina (South America, England, China, and various other countries), Organ pipe The pipes of the church/chamber organ are actually fipple flutes, Recorder (General), Tin Whistle (Penny whistle) (Ireland), Shvi (Armenia), Dilli Kaval (Turkey)

Overblown, Fujara (Slovakia), Futujara

 

  • Single reed

Alboka (Basque Country, Spain), Arghul (Egypt and other Arabic nations), Aulochrome, Chalumeau, Clarinet, Piccolo (or sopranino, or octave) clarinet, Sopranino clarinet (including E-flat clarinet), Soprano clarinet, Saxonette, Basset clarinet, Clarinette d'amour, Basset horn, Alto clarinet, Bass clarinet, Contra-alto clarinet (Eb contrabass clarinet), Contrabass clarinet, Octocontra-alto clarinet, Octocontrabass clarinet, Diplica (Baranya), Double clarinet, Heckel-clarina, Heckelphone-clarinet, Hornpipe, Launeddas (Sardinia), Manzello, Mijwiz (Arabic nations), Octavin, Pibgorn, Saxophone, Soprillo, Sopranino saxophone, Soprano saxophone, Mezzo-soprano saxophone, Alto saxophone, Tenor saxophone, C melody saxophone, Baritone saxophone, Bass saxophone, Contrabass saxophone, Subcontrabass saxophone, Tubax, Double contrabass saxophone, Sipsi, Sneng, Stritch, Tárogató, Xaphoon, Zhaleika

 

  • Double-reed

Algaita, Aulos, Balaban (instrument) (Azerbaijan), Bassanelli, Bassoon, Soprano bassoon, Tenoroon, Contrabassoon, Biforaers (Sicily), Bombardeers (France), Catalan shawm, Cromorne (French baroque, different from the crumhorn), Contra Forte, Duduk (Armenia), Dulcian, Dulzaina (Spain), Heckelphone, Piccolo heckelphone, Hichiriki (Japan), Kèn bầu (Vietnam), Mizmar (Arabic nations), Nadaswaram, Oboe, Piccolo oboe, Oboe d'amore, Cor anglais (i.e. English horn), Oboe da caccia, Bass oboe, Contrabass oboe, Piri (Korea), Pommer (Europe), Rackett (Europe), Reed contrabass/Contrabass à anche, Rhaita (North Africa), Rothphone, Sarrusophone (but often played with single reed mouthpiece), Shawm (Schalmei), Sopilas (Croatia), Sornas (Persia), Suona (China), Surnayers (Iran), Taepyeongso (Korea), Tárogatós (Hungary; up to about the 18th century), Tromboon, Trompeta china (Cuba), Zurla (Macedonia), Zurna, Capped, Bagpipes, Cornamuse, Crumhorn,  Hirtenschalmei, Kortholt, Rauschpfeife

 

  • Triple reed

Hne (Myanmar), Quadruple reed, Pi (Thailand), Shehnai (India), Sralai (Cambodia)

“Music can change the world.” —— Ludvig Van Beethoven 

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